What is it?
WorldSkills is an international non-profit movement, which aims to increase the prestige of blue-collar occupations and develop vocational training through the harmonization of best practices and occupational standards across the world by organizing and holding skills excellence competitions in each country and globally.
WorldSkills is the hub for skills development and excellence. Through international cooperation and development of relations with industries, governments, organizations and institutions, we promote the benefits of and the need for qualified professionals through competitions, joint projects and shared experiences. We stress the importance of training and education for youth, industries and society by challenging young professionals to become the best in the skill of their choice.
Founded in 1950, WorldSkills is a global organization that promotes vocational, technological and service oriented education and training. We promote skilled careers in 72 WorldSkills Member countries, all working with youth, educators, governments, and industries to help prepare the workforce and talent of today for the jobs of the future. WorldSkills brings together youth, industries and educators to teach youth the professional skills and show them how to become the best in the skill of their choice. From traditional crafts to multidisciplinary occupations in the field of industry and services, supported by partners, industries, governments, volunteers and educational institutions, WorldSkills has a direct impact on the growth of professional skills in the world.
Today, the WorldSkills Competition is the world’s famous and largest competition of its kind, which brings together young skilled workers and university and vocational school students up to 22 years old* as competitors, as well as leading professionals, specialists and mentors as competition experts.
Championship is a multi-faceted event where heads of government agencies and educational institutions, representatives of industry and non-governmental organizations come together, a place where the most important and topical issues related to professional skills are discussed.
The WorldSkills Championships occur every two years in different countries and is the biggest vocational education and skills excellence event in the world that truly reflects global industry. Competitors represent the best of their peers and are selected from skills competitions in WorldSkills Member countries. They demonstrate their technical competence and abilities both individually and collectively to execute specific tasks for which they study and/or perform in their workplace. Their success or failure witnesses not only their personal professional qualities, but also the level of training in the country they represent, and the general level of quality of services in the participants’ homeland.
AREAS OF ACTIVITIES
Young professionals from more than 70 countries demonstrate their knowledge and skills in WorldSkills International competitions.
The mission of WorldSkills International engaged in the organization and conduct of competitions is to draw public attention to blue-collar occupations, to create conditions for the development of high professional standards. To reach this global objective of the organization, WorldSkills Members address a number of key challenges.
These include: to position professional competitions as the most important global event for the development and promotion of blue-collar occupations; develop the strategic partnership with companies, governmental and non-governmental organizations; disseminate information on WorldSkills standards and evaluation criteria, primarily, through the Internet; promote the sharing of skills, knowledge and cultural exchange between WorldSkills participants and other youth in the world.
To reach these targets, WorldSkills International calls on youth, their teachers, mentors and employers to comply with the highest international standards in the field of industry, commerce and services, thus enhancing the status of vocational education; organizes seminars, meetings and competitions aimed at furthering the exchange of best practices and ideas in education; encourages youth to get extended education; promotes the development of exchange programs for young professionals between member countries of the organization.
WorldSkills not only develops professional skills and competencies, but also creates professional standards in the industries represented at the championship.
Standards are shaped by the professional community, the best expert practitioners from different countries. Experts hold WorldSkills competitions, evaluate the participants, and prepare tasks. The list of functions, objectives and targets assumed by WorldSkills is, of course, much more extensive, but most importantly, they are not simply stated, but are implemented in practice. Currently, the movement of WorldSkills International includes 72 countries and the number of WSI participants is growing every year.
It all started after the war...
1946 marks the beginning of the history of WorldSkills when there was a great need for skilled workers in the post-war Spain. At the time, JosГ© Antonio Elola Olaso, General Director of OrganizaciГіn Juvenil EspaГ±ola (OJE) - Spanish Youth Organization, has decided to create an effective vocational training system.
His goal was to convince youth, teachers and prospective employers that their future depended on this system. To accomplish this task, it was decided to hold the competition. So, young peopleвЂ™s competing spirit would be aroused, adults would discuss the competition results and visitors would be able to see a great variety of trades being demonstrated. There was no doubt that this event would draw up spectators, because, as you know, a person can always look at three things: fire burning, water flowing and another person working.
OlasoвЂ™s ideas aroused interest of government agencies, enterprises and vocational schools. The Government of Spain has taken up the initiative and in 1947, the first national vocational training competition, with the participation of around 4,000 apprentices from a dozen of schools and colleges from all over Spain was held in Madrid.
Francisco Albert Vidal
Antonio Almagro Diaz
Diomedes Palencia Albert
Faustino Ramos Diaz
The initiators of the competition wanted much more than that. They had far-reaching objectives: to motivate youth to compete, to make them enthusiastic about vocational training and to compare skills and abilities of people from different countries. So, colleagues from Europe and Latin America were invited to cooperation and since then the competition has acquired the status of international.
Portugal was the first to support the idea of the skills competition. In 1950, the first International Pyrenees Competition, which was attended by 12 participants from both countries. A great number of observers were completely seduced by the idea. As a result, in 1953, competitors from Germany, Great Britain, France, Morocco and Switzerland took part in the Pyrenees Competition. Following the competition, it was decided to establish an organization for professional skills competitions - International Vocational Training Organization (IVTO).
With the participation of German and Swiss workers and experts, the Spaniards became acquainted with the dual system, a traditional vocational training model utilized in these countries, and a year later a dual education system was introduced in Spain.
In June 1954, the Organizing Committee was established to set common rules for competitions and determine uniform professional standards. The committee composed of official and technical representatives of participating countries.
It was in 1958 that the competitions have spread beyond Spain. During the World Exhibition in Brussels, the World Excellence Cup took place. One year later the competition was held in Modena, Italy, and in 1970, the organization made a jump to Japan.
With the admission of Members-countries from all continents, IVTO organization gained experience, increased its knowledge of vocational training and applied working techniques and methods in trades. In the early 2000s, the movement gained new symbols and a new name - WorldSkills International (WSI).
Today, a large number of events are regularly held under the brand WSI. These are regional and national championships, continental championships and, once every two years - a world championship.
The idea to celebrate skills competitions can be rightfully compared to Pierre de Coubertin’s initiative to create the modern Olympic Games and his motto “great ideas come from the heart” can be applied to the founders of WorldSkills International. WorldSkills Competitions give new impetus to the development of vocational education system in the world and in the member countries.
Currently, WorldSkills International can be compared with the Olympic Games both by size and the international prestige of the competition. Just like the Olympics, WorldSkills International Finals are held every two years, each time in a new country and a new city. Similarly, each time it is not only and not so much a professional “get-together” as a spectacular public event that draws attention of a very broad audience and promoting blue-collar occupations among youth.
Like in the Olympics, the principle of “the main thing - not to win but to participate” also applies here and WorldSkills competitions have no losers: every participant is a winner of the national competition and, thus, is already one of the best artists in the world and a role model among his colleagues. The fact of participation in the WorldSkills opens up exciting prospects for young professionals: usually after the event employers from around the world offer job to participants, and the competition in the offers is greater than ever. Young people can literally choose where to live and work - they will be welcomed anywhere.
In addition, the participants watching the performance of their colleagues from other countries have the opportunity to adopt the best international practices.
WorldSkills in Russia
What we have?
Dmitry Medvedev:«I am convinced that conduct of such a championship in Russia is a good opportunity to draw attention to the trades once again. And if we’re lucky, and the decision will be in favor of our country, we will use our best endeavors to hold this event at the highest level»
In October 2011, the project “WorldSkills National Blue-Collar Occupations Championship” was approved by the Supervisory Board of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI) chaired by Vladimir Putin, Russian President, which was the start of the WorldSkills movement in Russia.
At the initiative of the ASI and the Ministry of Education and Science in April 2012, Simon Bartley, WSI’s President, visited Russia. Following his visit, Russia joined the global association of WorldSkills International.
On May 17, 2012, a regular General Assembly of WSI was held in South Korea. During this Assembly, Russia was formally accepted as a member of this international organization - this decision was unanimously upheld by all the countries of the WorldSkills movement.
In the spring of 2013, the First All-Russian Professional Skills Competition “WorldSkills Russia 2013, National Championship” took place in Tolyatti. The championship was attended by over three hundred participants aged from 18 to 22 - students of secondary vocational institutions, winners of regional contests.
Following the National Championship, a national team of the Russian Federation was formed. In July 2013, the team took part in the world championship of WorldSkills International in Leipzig (Germany).
In May of 2014, WorldSkills Russia 2014, the II National Blue-Collar Occupations Championship - that has brought together hundreds of participants and became one of the main stages of preparation of the Russia’s national team for the performance at the WorldSkills world championship in 2015 was held in Kazan.
Simon Bartley:«Our system of championships is very similar to that at the Olympics. Competitions are held during four days as a bright show. And if at the opening, participants appear with flags, at the closing ceremony, they proudly wear medals. The competitions are attended by representatives of colleges and employers. All this aims at making people aware of the workers’ occupations and the possibility of building career in that endeavor»
Winners of the championship represented Russia at the European Championship - EuroSkills (October 2-4, 2014 in Lille, France).
On November 8, 2014, Dmitry Medvedev signed Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, Executive Order (dated October 8, 2014 No. 1987-p) on the establishment, jointly with the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI), of the Union “Agency for Development of Professional Communities and Skilled Workers ‘WorldSkills Russia’”. On December 30, 2014, non-profit partnership the Union “Agency for Development of Professional Communities and Skilled Workers ‘WorldSkills Russia’” was registered in the Unified State Register of Legal Entities. The founders of the Union were the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation, exercising the functions and powers of the founder of the Union on behalf of the Russian Federation, as well as Autonomous Nonprofit Organization "Agency of Strategic Initiatives to promote new projects" (ASI).
The Union was established with the purpose to assist its members in carrying out activities aimed at the development of vocational training in accordance with the standards of WorldSkills International (hereinafter - WSI) to provide the Russian economy with highly skilled personnel and strengthen the role of vocational training in the socio-economic and cultural development of the Russian Federation.
Currently, our country declared its commitment to development and recovery of the secondary vocational education system, and in view of the experience of the industrialized countries, whose professional training helps them to gain a competitive advantage and develop the economy, our government has taken the major initiative to create a powerful tool for the development of vocational training in Russia - WorldSkills Russia - the Union “Agency for Development of Professional Communities and Skilled Workers ‘WorldSkills Russia’”. Pavel Chernykh became President of the Union "Worldskills Russia" and Robert Urazov - General Director thereof.
In 2015, the Russian team will go to Brazil for WorldSkills International 2015, world championship.
To date, 38 russian regions joined the worldskills movement:
Dmitry Peskov«Competence - IS knowledge engaged in action. The ability to solve problems. For example: you know what’s inside the gun. This is knowledge. You can shoot a gun. This is ability. And you have the skill to hit the mark eight times out of ten at a distance of ten meters. This is a skill. And expertise is the ability to shoot at the running man in a dark alley. The ability to apply your knowledge and skills in practice»
Participants of WorldSkills Russia compete in dozens of disciplines of all kinds covering different trades. For example, the II National Championship in Kazan included 35 skills: rockshaper, tile placers, joiner, carpenter, bricklayer, refrigerationist, furniture maker, plumber, dry construction specialist - plasterer, electrician (electric fitter), web designer, CAD specialist, system administrator, graphic designer, jeweler, video editor, CNC miller, CNC lathe operator, mechatronics engineer, welder, robot technician, electronics technician, medical technology specialist, universal hairdresser, stylist, cookery specialist, candy maker, florist, nurse (social worker), optometrist, fashion designer, auto body repair man, motor mechanist (auto mechatronics specialist), car painter, tractor operator.
Representatives of other three skills (oil drilling, preschool teacher, baker) participated in the event out of competition.
The tasks for participants were different. For example, the competitive task in web design (this skill includes not only directly design but web development in general) was divided into three modules, each of which had to be performed during the day and was focused on particular aspects and technology of the development. The Internet was available on a dedicated computer for a limited period of time: each participant could use it no more than two times for five minutes per module (unused time burned). Phones, notebooks and textbooks were forbidden, all the participants were given 4 hours for the performance of the entire module.
The task may sound like this: “To everyone’s regret, the previous developer lost a file of styles, so you will need to recreate the home page of the museum catalogue site. According to his last recordings, the site should have “slider”, a table with visits statistics and menu with sections”.
As could be seen, the participants of WorldSkills are not only welders and turners, but representatives of occupations which in our country are considered to be engineer-like: robot technicians, mechatronic operators, programmers of CNC machines.
At the same time, there were a lot of real work tasks: creating a picture from tile on the wall in bathroom, turning a piece with set characteristics, building a wall with window of drywall, creating a bunch of flowers or piece of jewelry, etc.