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Early assistance
to families raising
children with
disabilities

Early Care is an interdepartmental interaction model including a package of medical, social, psychology, and pedagogical services for families with children having health limitations. Comprehensive support is aimed at the early identification of children with HL and the promotion of their development, physical and mental health, as well as integration in society and peer environment. The model also includes tools for assistance and support of families with children having HL and measures to improve parents' competence.

Decision-making at the level of regional administrations on the implementation of the Early Care model based on interdepartmental interaction
Creation of an interdepartmental working group on the implementation of the Early Care model with the following membership
Interdepartmental working group
Development and approval of the roadmap for the implementation of the Early Care model
Identification of a multi-channel source of financing
1. Direct financing from the federal,
regional, or municipal
budget
2. Raised funds
3. Organizations' own funds
Formation of the model functional organizational structure. Identification of the coordinating department of the
structure
1. Health
authorities
2. Education authorities
3. Social protection authorities
4.
Financial
and economic authorities

Roadmap implementation

1. Development and approval of early care quality standards
The development of standards must take into account legal requirements for the content and results of the relevant services.
2. Formation of a regional legal framework ensuring conditions for the implementation of the Early Care model
a. Amendment of regional RLA to secure powers of the early care centers for the relevant services provision. Transfer of the authority to provide early care on the grounds of municipal pre-school education and general educational organizations to the level of municipal (urban) districts
b. Amendment of regional RLA in respect of subsidies for cost compensation to non-governmental organizations providing early care services
c. Amendment of regional RLA regulating the specifics of financing of organizations arranging pre-school educational programs for children with HL, as well as early care centers and socially oriented organizations providing assistance services to children with HL and their families
3.Development and approval of coordination protocols for organizations participating in the implementation of the Early Care model
4.Creation of a regional and municipal network of governmental and non-governmental organizations of the early care system
Governmental and non-governmental providers of social services
Education institutions (all types of educational organizations, including "special correctional" organizations):
Healthcare institutions: children's polyclinics; children's diagnostic centers; children's hospitals; obstetric institutions; perinatal centers; infant homes; genetic care providers
Social protection institutions: medical and social assistance centers; medical and social assessment institutions; SO NCOs, foundations

Organization of interaction between social services providers and competent as well as other state and municipal authorities.

Provision of early care organizations with consultancy, information, organizational, material, methodological, educational, and other support to reduce costs for coping with administrative barriers during the performance of services in the social sphere.

Resource centers
Information and educational assistance to parents of children with HL
1. Educational outreach activities on explaining basic principles of early care, its substance, areas of activity, mission, purposes and objectives; informing on the list of services provided by the service to the target audience
2. Outreach activity for society to form a positive attitude to the early care service, as well as to families with troubled or disabled children
3. Joint work with mass media and relevant Internet resources for informing the target audience on successful practices of the model and its promotion
4. Publication
and distribution of booklets, directories, and visiting cards of the Early Care service
5. Work with cultural institutions and entertainment centers for arranging conferences, seminars, round tables, fora, and other events

EXPECTED RESULTS OF THE EARLY CARE
MODEL IMPLEMENTATION

Reducing the number of children with HL reaching school age (among those identified)
Increased number of disabled children studying in general education organizations according to the principal educational programs
Reduced budget expenses for social benefits and the implementation of rehabilitation programs for children with HL
Reduced number of social orphans with disabilities
Reduced disability of children with HL (among those who have received early medical, psychology, and pedagogical support)
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